racism and race. They're not quite the same thing, but I'm seeing some tag confusion already. This question was tagged [race], when it needed to be tagged [racism]. Fixed it, but the remaining usages of race all seem like they could be rolled into demographics, which would avoid ambiguity.
These tags should not be combined.
Race refers to matters either pertaining to, or believed rightly or wrongly to pertain to, genes and ethnicity -- usually irrespective of age, sex, income, or vital statistics.
Whereas demographics deals with vital statistics, and data about varying subsets of populations chiefly of interest to marketers, insurers, industrial designers and engineers, administrators, and legislators.
While there's can be some overlap between the two categories, neither is a subset of the other, and both have distinct properties. For example:
- Race usually signifies what are either believed or supposed to be relatively invariant properties stemming from necessarily intrinsic or historic commonalities of a fixed grouping.
- Demographics usually refers to topical and variable properties of a non-fixed population, without connotations of intrinsic or historic necessity.