It might help to understand how closure works when done by the community. We have a limited number of choices when it comes to closing questions that are not a good match for this site. One of those choices is a custom closure, where the user voting to close writes a description of why that user thinks the question should be closed. All of the other reasons are canned choices. Once five people vote to close, the automated machinery picks the reason with the plurality of votes as the reason to close.
Suppose there have been three distinct votes to close a question plus two more votes with a common vote to close reason. The question would be closed, with the common reason as the reason the question was closed. That's just how the automated software works.
The only way to provide more specific input as to why a question has been closed is to use the custom closure reason. Most users who want a question closed tend to choose one of the canned reasons, even if that canned reason does not quite match why they think the question should be closed.
The first question in question was closed because
The primary purpose of this question appears to be to promote or discredit a specific political cause, group or politician. It does not appear to be a good-faith effort to learn more about governments, policies and political processes as defined in the help center.
That's one of the canned choices. Push questions are not appreciated at this site. (For example, "Democracy is better than totalitarian. Am I right or am I right?" is a push question.) We also don't like whataboutism. The first referenced question displayed aspects of both and was closed for the given canned reason. That canned choice comes closest to rejecting a question for being a push question or for using whataboutism.
The second referenced question was closed for another canned reason,
Questions asking for the internal motivations of people, how specific individuals would behave in hypothetical situations or predictions for future events are off-topic, because answers would be based on speculation and their correctness could not be verified with sources available to the public.
This site, along with most other StackExchange sites, is a Q&A site where questions should be clear, bias-free, and allow a definitive answer. Questions at this site should avoid asking for discussion or speculation, which the second question definitely did do.